Fiinovation – The Relation Between Land And Biodiversity-ppp13.com

News-and-Society Fiinovation – Land has been a crucial aspect of the development process and its degradation has huge impacts on biodiversity, climate change, agricultural production and food security. Approximately, 80% of the worlds hungry live in rural areas, with 1.5 billion people living on degraded land. The number of micro-organisms within a handful of soil is far more than the number of people ever lived on earth. When we clear or degrade a land, remove the water and pump the soil full of fertilizers and pesticides, we actually kill these micro-organisms. It is believed this leads to reduction in fertility of the soil. As per Food and Agriculture Organization, humans have already degraded one third of our total arable land to infertility. Over the years, when the land has .pletely degraded, humans have moved to fertile areas and began the degradation process again, rather than rehabilitating and restoring the land fertility. Today, approximately 25% of the worlds plant species are threatened with extinction and trees are disappearing faster than they grow. For our consumption, humans have been extracting ground water than it is replenished. Carbon emissions have been increasing and its faster than the absorption process. With the increase in global temperatures, the soils ability to recycle organic matter and filter water declines. The world has .e to a situation where we are jeopardising the lives of the poorer regions by continuing to abuse our land and ecosystem. It is our inaction that will endanger their existence. Fiinovation understands that in developing countries such as India, the poor rely directly on ecosystems and land for their livelihood, shelter and health. It is crucial that initiatives in the direction of good land management and ensuring environment sustainability are being implemented at ground level. Governments, corporations and civil society need to work towards developing .munity land and biodiversity management mechanisms. Initiatives in agriculture sector such as climate smart agricultural methods, drip irrigation and organic farming need to be promoted at a large scale. Fiinovation believes corporations under their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy should encourage sustainable practices in the rural areas. Sustainable development in the rural areas through education, infrastructure development, skill development, drinking water and sanitation facilities and healthcare infrastructure will ensure less dependency of local .munities on natural resources. CSR livelihood projects involving .anic agriculture and the food processing sector can help improve the soil fertility across India. Village level initiatives on ground water recharge and rain water harvesting will help improve the water content in the rural areas. Watershed development projects and canal irrigation can help ensure environment sustainability. Land degradation need to be checked and afforestation for improvement in bio-diversity is crucial. The impact of land restoration will be huge on climate change. With increase in forest cover and improvement of soil quality, land will be able to store carbon and feed plant life in more productive way. Fiinovation believes that degraded lands can be returned to fertility within a generation. There is an urgent need to focus more on implementation of an effective plan for land restoration. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: