Impact Of Technology On

Substance-Abuse Positive impacts of technological developments upon peoples health Infrastructure developments in tele.munication sector are huge in the past few years. Analogue technologies given way for digital technologies so that the efficiency and productivity of the .puter networks have been increased a lot. Traditional cables were given way for optical cables so that the speed of data transmission and the availability of bandwidth were increased considerably. Moreover the costs associated with data transmission reduced a lot even though the productivity or efficiency of data transmission increased a lot. It should be noted that it was difficult for the people in remote areas to get the services of expert healthcare professionals in the past. Since most of the expert healthcare professionals are working in urban areas, people in rural areas suffered a lot in getting better healthcare. The introduction of telemedicine with the help of modern advanced .munication technologies helped the people all over the world immensely. In other words, telemedicine brings patients and doctors much closer even if they are staying at different parts of the world. For example, it is possible for an Indian doctor to provide instructions to the doctors in America while conducting a .plicated clinical procedure like a heart surgery with the help of modern .munication technologies. Audio and video conferencing can be performed between healthcare professionals located at difference parts of the world now to exchange their views and opinions. It should be noted that telemedicine advanced a lot only in the recent past or in the last 20 or 30 years. Earlier, the concept of telemedicine was implemented with the help of telephone and radio whereas at present telemedicine procedures are implemented with the help of .puters, internet, emails and television programs. Plenty of television channels all over the world currently have live programs in which the patients can interact with expert doctors. Internet helps patients to interact with doctors face to face in the virtual world, exactly like how a patient interact with a doctor face to face in the real word. Digital glucose readers, blood pressure monitors, scales, motion sensors, and even pillboxes can transmit patient information to remote medical personnel via a variety of networks (Nortel. 2011) Social networks are currently getting huge popularity all over the world. It can help people in getting proper healthcare also. Plenty of doctors are available now on social works and they are ready to help people who are struggling with health problems. Bacigalupe (2011) mentioned that Defining a set of social technologies with potential for developing, sustaining, and strengthening the collaborative health agenda should prove useful for practitioners and researchers (Bacigalupe, 2011, p.1) Preventive medicines in the past have given way for predictive medicines at present because of the introduction of new technologies. Preventive medicines refer to the medicines used to prevent the occurrence of certain diseases whereas predictive medicine is a field of medicine that helps the prediction of certain diseases and advise the people with respect to the preventive measures of those diseases. In contrast to the older forms of preventive medicines that addressed large sections of the population, modern risk oriented medicine targets individual health risks (De Vries & Hostman, 2008, p.2). Earlier, people were unaware of the negative impacts of some of their behaviours and life styles. For example, smoking and alcoholism were practiced by majority of the people all over the world in the past because of their unawareness about the side effects of these habits. Technology helped medical science to unveil the potentials of these habits in causing severe health problems. Now warning signs about the side effects of smoking and alcoholism are printed on cigarette packets and liquor bottles to make the people aware of the consequences of their behaviour. In other words, predictive medicines increase the accountability of people with respect to their health problems. Those who continue smoking or taking drinks even after watching the statutory warnings should take more responsibility for the health problems generated by these habits which is the message spread by predictive medicine. Modern technology helps doctors immensely in the diagnosis of the diseases, treatment, surgery, etc. Modern technologies like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT scan help the doctors the doctors immensely in the diagnosis process. Open heart surgeries or bypass surgeries, keyhole surgeries and neurosurgeries were .plicated medical procedures in the past. Now these procedures can be performed with ease because of the development of technology. Software supports the core medical processes whereas hardware allows easy access to information at the point of care (AMEinfo… 2011). Technology helps people not only in the treatment procedures but also in the hospital administration procedures. Jamal et al. (2009) pointed out the development of Electronic Health Record (EHR), .puterised Provider Order-Entry (CPOE), or Decision Support System (DS) etc. as a result of the technological developments in the last 30 years (Jamal et al., 2009, p.26). Negative impacts of technological developments upon peoples health One of the major negative effects of technological developments upon peoples health is the increasing cost factor. Under such circumstances, only the wealthy people will be able to enjoy the technological benefits in healthcare sector. For example, heart transplantation is not a myth but a fact now even though the costs associated with such procedures are immense. Poor people may struggle to bear the costs of such expensive healthcare procedures. In short, while using modern technologies for improving health, healthcare expenditure may increases. At the same time, it should not be forgotten that the huge benefits brought by new technology will definitely .pensate for the increasing cost. Tan and Ong, (2002) pointed out that the use of new technology treatment helped to increase the average heart attack patient’s life expectancy by one year(Tan and Ong, 2002, p.232). Balka et al. (2009) pointed out that As .puterization of healthcare occurs, new social and political issues and challenges arise. Increased availability of online health information may change the doctor patient relationship and raise a plethora of jurisdictional and legal issues. (Balka et al., 2009, p.1). Online consultation and prescription of medicines are currently increasing because of the improved technologies which enhance the doctor-patient interactions. Of course, online consultation has its own limitations. Many people have already questioned the logic of prescribing medicines by doctors through online consultations. It should not be forgotten that a doctor can prescribe medicines for a patient only after physical examination of the patient since only the physical examination can reveal the exact conditions of the patient. Moreover, he should go through the case histories and pathological records of the patient before prescribing any treatment option for him. While doing online consultation, a doctor is handicapped by the absence of proper information about the patient and he may prescribe wrong medicine. These problems can be eliminated up to certain extent if the doctor takes some precautionary measures before doing online consultation. He should not prescribe any medicine unless he is absolutely sure about the disease. Moreover, he should make the patient aware of the limitations of online prescription before advising any medicine to him. The doctor should remind the patient who seeks online consultation that it is always better to undertake physical examination by a doctor before taking any medicines advised through online consultation. The doctor should also remind the patient that the medicines prescribed through online should be taken at own risk. Because of the abilities of social networks in influencing the behaviours of people, many people are currently seeking guidance from their online friends for getting rid of some of their health problems. For example, plenty of hair regrowth medicines such as Propecia are available on internet. These medicines have lot of side effects and people usually use it based on the advices they received from their social network friends. It should be noted that erectile dysfunction, impotence, low libido and gyne.estica are some of the side effects of Propecia (Propecia side effects, n.d.). In short, social networks have the ability to misguide the people with respect to their healthcare needs. Conclusion Huge developments in technology in the last 30 years helped the people immensely in countering effectively the challenges raised by chronic diseases. Technological advancements helped the people even in remote areas to get medical advice from expert healthcare professionals. The efficiency and productivity of all medical procedures including the administration procedures have been increased a lot in recent past because of the development of new internet based .munication technologies. Telemedicine and predictive medicine are some of the contributions of modern technology. Increased cost is often cited as the drawback of introducing modern technologies in medical filed. Cost is negligible when we .pare the benefits provided by modern technologies in countering chronic disease and increasing the life span of the people. In short, modern technologies have more positive effects than negative effects upon people as far as healthcare is concerned. More researches are needed to develop cheaper and effective technologies to cater the healthcare needs of the people. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: